Рациональность и нерациональность решения о совершении преступления

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.10.2016.3.252-270

Гленн Уолтерс


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Аннотация


Цель: обоснование необходимости учета влияния эмоций на процесс принятия решений; дать представление о комбинированной модели процесса принятия решений, объединяющей рациональные и нерациональные компоненты выбора при совершении преступления.


Методы: диалектический, системный, историко-правовой, формально-юридический, обобщения.


Результаты: в работе осуществлен комплексный анализ процесса принятия решения о совершении преступления, а также изучены факторы, повышающие вероятность совершения антиобщественных деяний. Ценность комбинированной когнитивно-эмотивной модели в том, что эмоции могут дать принимающему решение человеку более значимую информацию, чем рассуждение.


Научная новизна: автор выдвигает теорию принятия решений, согласно которой человек совершает выбор в пользу того или иного действия или бездействия под влиянием гедонистических и нравственных эмоций, причем нерелевантные эмоции усиливаются, а релевантные подавляются когнитивными и ситуативными факторами, служащими в конечном итоге основой выбора в пользу преступления.


Практическая значимость: изучение роли эмоций в процессе принятия криминальных и некриминальных решений внесет значимый вклад в развитие криминологии. Результаты исследования будут полезны научным и правоприменительным работникам, также всем тем, кто интересуется вопросами пресечения и предупреждения правонарушений.


Ключевые слова


криминология; теория рационального выбора; нравственные эмоции; гедонистические эмоции; действующий преступник; мышление; реактивное криминальное мышление

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.10.2016.3.252-270