Слово «криминология»: филологическое исследование и определение

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.10.2016.3.227-251

Джеффри Р. Уилсон


Полный текст:

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Аннотация


Цель: формулирование нового определения понятия «криминология».


Методы: диалектический, системный, анализ, синтез, сравнение.


Результаты: в работе рассматриваются история и этимология термина «криминология». На основе данного анализа формулируется авторское понятие криминологии как систематического изучения преступности, преступников, уголовного права, криминальной юстиции и криминализации.


Научная новизна: автор доказывает, что криминология не обязательно должна соответствовать ее традиционному восприятию как академической науки, а может иметь характер общественной и/или гуманитарной сферы познания. Данное положение доказывается с помощью ранних примеров использования слова «криминология» в английском языке, которые предшествовали попыткам теоретизировать область криминологии в Италии и Франции в 1880-х гг., а также предлагаются новые варианты прочтения этих итальянских и французских текстов. Филологический анализ переходит затем в описание ряда попыток дать определение термину в ХХ в. и инноваций того же периода, соответствующих разносторонности криминологии как при ее зарождении, так и в последующем развитии.


Практическая значимость: преимуществом такого нового понимания криминологии становится его инклюзивность: оно вводит в сферу науки все неортодоксальные криминологические исследования, что открывает возможности для развития новых направлений, взглядов на проблему преступности, теорий и методов профилактики и реагирования.


Ключевые слова


этимология; криминология; филология; криминальное правосудие; криминальная антропология

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.10.2016.3.227-251