Влияние сиблингов на частоту арестов и типы правонарушений среди привычных преступников

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.13.2019.1.1073-1091

Фрэнсис П. Абдерхальден, Сара З. Эванс


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Аннотация


Цель: определение влияния сиблингов на частоту арестов и типы правонарушений среди привычных преступников.


Методы: общенаучный метод диалектического познания, историко-юридический, системно-структурный, сравнительно-правовой, формально-логический и другие частнонаучные методы познания.


Результаты: сиблинги (родные братья и сестры) начинают взаимодействовать друг с другом в раннем возрасте и часто продолжают общаться на постоянной основе в течение всей жизни. В связи с этим малоизученным остается вопрос: как взаимоотношения сиблингов влияют на развитие криминального поведения вне зависимости от влияния родителей. В настоящей работе на основе данных отдела ювенальной юстиции штата Калифорния изучалось влияние сиблингов на количество арестов и типы преступлений привычных преступников. Сделан общий вывод о наличии такого влияния; найдены несколько значимых закономерностей, в частности: 1) количество арестов сиблингов преступника положительно коррелирует с общим числом его арестов и 2) количество сиблингов у преступника имеет сильную отрицательную корреляцию с общим числом его арестов. В статье рассматриваются результаты изучения влияния сиблингов на рецидивизм и возможные направления будущих исследований в этой области.


Научная новизна: в статье впервые изучается влияние сиблингов на частоту арестов и типы правонарушений среди привычных преступников. В результате этого инициируется дискуссия о необходимости рассмотрения взаимоотношений сиблингов как важнейшего фактора в жизни привычного преступника. Предметом изучения являются взаимоотношения сиблингов как причина возникновения паттернов криминального поведения в семье, в частности, среди сиблингов.

 

Практическая значимость: основные положения и выводы статьи могут быть использованы в научной и педагогической деятельности при рассмотрении вопросов, связанных с определением влияния сиблингов на частоту арестов и типы правонарушений среди привычных преступников.


Ключевые слова


привычные преступники; сиблинги; теория обучения; криминализация семьи; преступность; преступление; правонарушение; арест; частота арестов; девиантное поведение

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21202/1993-047X.13.2019.1.1073-1091